The Origins of Local Control in Public Education

Here is some great historical background about how local control was rooted into Public Education.  The Homestead Act was a huge part of the expansion of public education that embedded the local control we have today.

There was also the “Ordinance for the Western Territory”
This Ordinance is usually referred to in history books as the Ordinance of 1785. And should not be confused with the Northwest Ordinance that was passed on July 13, 1787 which established how the Territory Northwest of the Ohio River would be governed and the conditions under which the territories would become states. The Ordinance of 1785 established the surveying and dividing of the land into ranges, townships, and square miles. It also had a clause concerning education: There shall be reserved the lot N 16, of every township, for the maintenance of public schools, within the said township…
Here is another gem of information about how our education was originally shaped.

Oregon State Univ: Module One: History and Philosophy of Education




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